Learning by doing!

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Six Key Words

prepare 準備 pre‧pareverb

1 make something [transitive]
 a) to make a meal or a substance:
 -Prepare the sauce while the pasta is cooking.
 -When we got home, Stephano was busy preparing dinner.
 ! It is fairly formal to say that someone prepares a meal. It is more usual to say that they make or cook a meal: Bella was making dinner.
 b) to write a document, make a programme etc:
 -Health and safety officers will investigate the site and prepare a report.
 -Green set himself the task of preparing a map of this remote area.

2 make plans/arrangements [intransitive and transitive] to make plans or arrangements for something that will happen in the future [= get ready]
 prepare for
 -The 45 year-old explorer has been preparing for his latest expedition to the Arctic.
 prepare to do something
 -Her parents were busy preparing to go on holiday.
 -The prosecution wanted more time to prepare their case.

3 make something ready [transitive] to make something ready to be used:
 -Prepare the soil, then plant the seedlings 8 inches apart.
 prepare something for somebody/something
 -Coulthard's team were up all night preparing the car for the race.

4 make yourself ready [transitive] to make yourself mentally or physically ready for something that you expect to happen soon
 prepare yourself (for something)
 -The letter arrived, and we prepared ourselves for bad news.
 -Can you just give me a couple more moments to prepare myself?
 prepare yourself for a race/fight etc
 -The Chicago Bears are busy preparing themselves for the big game.
 prepare to do something
 -Buy the album, and prepare to be amazed.

5 make somebody ready [transitive] to provide someone with the training, skills, experience etc that they will need to do a job or to deal with a situation
 prepare somebody for something
 -a course that prepares students for English examinations
 -Schools should do more to prepare children for the world of work.
 -What does a coach do to prepare his team for the Superbowl?

6 prepare the way/ground for somebody/something to make it possible for something to be achieved, or for someone to succeed in doing something:
 -Curie's research prepared the way for the work of modern nuclear scientists.

rehearsal 彩排 re‧hears‧alnoun

1 [uncountable and countable] a time when all the people in a play, concert etc practise before a public performance
 rehearsal for/of
 -a rehearsal for 'Romeo and Juliet'
 in rehearsal
 -The dialogue was worked out by actors in rehearsal.

2 [countable] a time when all the people involved in a big event practise it together before it happens:
 -a wedding rehearsal

mirror 鏡子 mir‧ror noun

[countable]
1 a piece of special glass that you can look at and see yourself in
 in a mirror
 -She was studying her reflection in the mirror.
 -He spends hours in front of the mirror!
 -When I looked in the mirror I couldn't believe it. I looked fantastic!

2 a mirror on the inside or side of a vehicle, which the driver uses to see what is behind:
 -Check your rear-view mirror before you drive away.
 -a wing mirror

3 a mirror of something
 something that gives a clear idea of what something else is like:
 -We believe the polls are an accurate mirror of public opinion.

reflection 倒影 re‧flec‧tionnoun

1 [countable] an image that you can see in a mirror, glass, or water:
 -Can you see your reflection in the glass?

2 [uncountable and countable] careful thought, or an idea or opinion based on this:
 -A moment's reflection will show the stupidity of this argument.
 on/upon reflection
 -At first I disagreed, but on reflection (=after thinking carefully about it), I realized she was right.

3 [countable] something that shows what something else is like, or that is a sign of a particular situation
 reflection of
 -His speech was an accurate reflection of the public mood.
 be a reflection on somebody/something (=show how good or bad someone or something is)
 -On some level, a student's grades are a reflection on the teacher.

4 [uncountable] the action or process of light, heat, or sound being thrown back from a surface

charisma 魅力 cha‧ris‧manoun

[uncountable] a natural ability to attract and interest other people and make them admire you.
-He lacks charisma.

persuade 說服 per‧suadeverb

[transitive]
1 to make someone decide to do something, especially by giving them reasons why they should do it, or asking them many times to do it
 persuade somebody to do something
 -I finally managed to persuade her to go out for a drink with me.
 persuade somebody into doing something
 -Don't let yourself be persuaded into buying things you don't want.
 try/manage/fail to persuade somebody
 -I'm trying to persuade your dad to buy some shares.
 attempt/effort to persuade somebody
 -Leo wouldn't agree, despite our efforts to persuade him.
 little/a lot of/no persuading
 -He took a lot of persuading to come out of retirement (=it was hard to persuade him).
 -He was fairly easily persuaded.

2 to make someone believe something or feel sure about something [= convince]:
 -I am not persuaded by these arguments.
 persuade somebody (that)
 -She'll only take me back if I can persuade her that I've changed.
 persuade somebody of something
 -McFadden must persuade the jury of her innocence.

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