Six Key Words
prepare 準備 pre‧pareverb
1 make something [transitive]
a) to make a meal or a substance:
-Prepare the sauce while the pasta is cooking.
-When we got home, Stephano was busy preparing dinner.
! It is fairly formal to say that someone prepares a meal. It is more usual to say that they make or cook a meal: Bella was making dinner.
b) to write a document, make a programme etc:
-Health and safety officers will investigate the site and prepare a report.
-Green set himself the task of preparing a map of this remote area.
2 make plans/arrangements [intransitive and transitive] to make plans or arrangements for something that will happen in the future [= get ready]
-The 45 year-old explorer has been preparing for his latest expedition to the Arctic.
prepare to do something
-Her parents were busy preparing to go on holiday.
-The prosecution wanted more time to prepare their case.
3 make something ready [transitive] to make something ready to be used:
-Prepare the soil, then plant the seedlings 8 inches apart.
prepare something for somebody/something
-Coulthard's team were up all night preparing the car for the race.
4 make yourself ready [transitive] to make yourself mentally or physically ready for something that you expect to happen soon
prepare yourself (for something)
-The letter arrived, and we prepared ourselves for bad news.
-Can you just give me a couple more moments to prepare myself?
prepare yourself for a race/fight etc
-The Chicago Bears are busy preparing themselves for the big game.
prepare to do something
-Buy the album, and prepare to be amazed.
5 make somebody ready [transitive] to provide someone with the training, skills, experience etc that they will need to do a job or to deal with a situation
prepare somebody for something
-a course that prepares students for English examinations
-Schools should do more to prepare children for the world of work.
-What does a coach do to prepare his team for the Superbowl?
6 prepare the way/ground for somebody/something to make it possible for something to be achieved, or for someone to succeed in doing something:
-Curie's research prepared the way for the work of modern nuclear scientists.
rehearsal 彩排 re‧hears‧alnoun
1 [uncountable and countable] a time when all the people in a play, concert etc practise before a public performance
-a rehearsal for 'Romeo and Juliet'
-The dialogue was worked out by actors in rehearsal.
2 [countable] a time when all the people involved in a big event practise it together before it happens:
-a wedding rehearsal
mirror 鏡子 mir‧ror noun
1 a piece of special glass that you can look at and see yourself in
in a mirror
-She was studying her reflection in the mirror.
-He spends hours in front of the mirror!
-When I looked in the mirror I couldn't believe it. I looked fantastic!
2 a mirror on the inside or side of a vehicle, which the driver uses to see what is behind:
-Check your rear-view mirror before you drive away.
-a wing mirror
3 a mirror of something
something that gives a clear idea of what something else is like:
-We believe the polls are an accurate mirror of public opinion.
reflection 倒影 re‧flec‧tionnoun
1 [countable] an image that you can see in a mirror, glass, or water:
-Can you see your reflection in the glass?
2 [uncountable and countable] careful thought, or an idea or opinion based on this:
-A moment's reflection will show the stupidity of this argument.
-At first I disagreed, but on reflection (=after thinking carefully about it), I realized she was right.
3 [countable] something that shows what something else is like, or that is a sign of a particular situation
-His speech was an accurate reflection of the public mood.
be a reflection on somebody/something (=show how good or bad someone or something is)
-On some level, a student's grades are a reflection on the teacher.
4 [uncountable] the action or process of light, heat, or sound being thrown back from a surface
charisma 魅力 cha‧ris‧manoun
[uncountable] a natural ability to attract and interest other people and make them admire you.
-He lacks charisma.
persuade 說服 per‧suadeverb
1 to make someone decide to do something, especially by giving them reasons why they should do it, or asking them many times to do it
persuade somebody to do something
-I finally managed to persuade her to go out for a drink with me.
persuade somebody into doing something
-Don't let yourself be persuaded into buying things you don't want.
try/manage/fail to persuade somebody
-I'm trying to persuade your dad to buy some shares.
attempt/effort to persuade somebody
-Leo wouldn't agree, despite our efforts to persuade him.
little/a lot of/no persuading
-He took a lot of persuading to come out of retirement (=it was hard to persuade him).
-He was fairly easily persuaded.
2 to make someone believe something or feel sure about something [= convince]:
-I am not persuaded by these arguments.
persuade somebody (that)
-She'll only take me back if I can persuade her that I've changed.
persuade somebody of something
-McFadden must persuade the jury of her innocence.